Authors Name: 
Sacha Dillon
University: 
University College Cork
Highly commended

Discuss How Mainie Jellett Combines The Ideals Of Ancient Ireland With Those Of The Irish Free State To Create A Nationalistic Painting In Composition With Three Elements. 1935.

Composition With Three Elements, 1935 Is A Captivating Artwork By One Of Irelands Pioneering Modernists, Mainie Jellett (1897-1944). This Essay Seeks To Examine How Jellett Combined The Values Of Ancient Ireland With Those Of The Irish Free State To Create A Sense Of Nationalist Feeling In This Artwork. Through Her Unique Use Of Cubism Jellett Created A Visual Language With Which To Express Irish Identity Which Spoke Both To Irelands Celtic Past And Christian Present. This Essay Will Demonstrate How Jellett Drew Inspiration From Ancient Irish Art And Celtic Belief And Fused It With The Christian Iconography Of The New Catholic Irish Free State To Create An Artwork Which Encompassed Irelands Two Main Strands Of Nationalism; Heritage And Religion.

Firstly, This Essay Shall Look At The Intrinsic Role Catholicism Played In The Identity Of The Irish Free State. The Use Of Christian Subject Matter In Jelletts Work Can Be Viewed As A Form Of Nationalism As Religion Was A Very Important Part Of Irish Identity. The Virgin Mary Was A Particularly Powerful Image In Ireland And Jellett Recreates This Image In An Abstract Fashion In Composition With Three Elements. Following Close Examination Of The Christian Subject Matter Within This Painting This Essay Will Then Discuss How Jellett Was Inspired By Ancient Irish Art And Celtic Beliefs. The Painting Reflects The Four Natural Elements And Shows The Connection Between Nature, Religion And Art. The Celtic Influences In Jellett's Style And Subject Matter Relates Back To The Idea Of The Painting As A Symbol Of Irish Nationalism As It Combines The Glorious Celtic Past With The Ideals Of The Irish Free State. The Fusion Of The Virgin Mary And Ancient Celtic Spirituality Brings Both Present Day Irish Beliefs And Irelands Celtic Heritage Together Creating A Sense Of Nationalist Feeling In The Artwork.